AuD in Audiology
Animal Audiology Certificate
How to Apply
An online application to the certificate program in Animal Audiology must be submitted to the University of Cincinnati Graduate School at http://grad.uc.edu/admissions.html. A non-refundable application fee of $20 payable to The University of Cincinnati must accompany the application. For the program, select AAUD, Animal Audiology Certificate. Once accepted, students can register online through the Onestop Student Center at www.onestop.uc.edu.
- Be a registered AuD (graduate) student at the University of Cincinnati
- Be a licensed, practicing audiologist with submission of a letter of intent
PROGRAM NEED AND DEMAND
Veterinarians are trained in otology, but are not specifically trained in audiology for animals. Currently 80 breeds of dogs experience genetically related deafness with more experiencing deafness due to age and noise exposure. The American Kennel Club advises breeders to have puppies tested by means of a BAER test and registered with the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. Owners are now routinely asking for hearing testing for older dogs as per their attending veterinarians. This applies to pets, working dogs and military working dogs. Some veterinary neurologists are capable of performing the Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response (BAER) test, which is used for testing the hearing of animals, but are not specifically trained to make diagnostic judgments regarding audiological issues. This is the specific expertise of audiologists. There are a number of practicing audiologists who will run BAER tests for screening the hearing of animals, but the University of Cincinnati’s FETCH~LAB is the only university in the nation that has the capability to teach animal audiology to its AuD students or to practicing audiologists or veterinarians. The following articles show the sudden upsurge in interest and need for professional animal audiologists:
American Academy of Audiology - http://www.audiologyonline.com/releases/abr-pretty-dog-gone-versatile-4609
Orthopedic Foundation for Animals - http://www.offa.org/deaf_baer.html
Louisiana State University - http://www.lsu.edu/deafness/incidenc.htm
BAER Testing sites - http://www.lsu.edu/deafness/baersite.htm
Dalmatian Deafness - http://www.thedca.org/baerprimer.html
Canine deafness -
Given the expertise of the University of Cincinnati’s FETCH~LAB in the Communication Sciences and Disorders Department we are the first university in the nation to offer such a certificate program.
The educational objectives of this program are to provide specialized training for audiology (AuD) students, currently practicing audiologists and veterinarians in the practice of animal audiology, with emphasis on canines and electrophysiological diagnostics. Students who complete this program will:
describe canine and equine ear anatomy and physiology.
describe canine, feline and equine central auditory processing.
explain the relationship between canine hearing and vocal production.
use proper canine and feline restraint.
- list the types of sedation given to canines and felines for BAER testing and describe
the effects of such sedation on BAER testing.
- describe hearing and sound production systems in animals including: reptiles
avians, mammals (including fully aquatic mammals).
- explain the physical and biological premises of animal bioacoustics.
perform and interpret BAER testing on canines, felines, and equines.
perform and interpret OAE testing in canines. perform tympanometry on canines.
perform a basic otoscopic examination on canines and felines.
perform and interpret basic audiological testing including: typanometry, AEP, and audiometry.
The certificate is designed to meet the needs of three groups of potential students: students enrolled in the AuD program, practicing audiologists, practicing veterinarians. The following is the basic curriculum for the Animal Audiology certificate, which may be modified according to the background knowledge and skills of the three groups. The following curriculum is an extension of the existing AuD curriculum and is presented as an option for admitted AuD students at UC. Determination of possible modifications for practicing audiologists and veterinarians will be based on an equivalency/’test-out’ mechanism. In the second year of offering this program, the academic course work will become available on-line for practicing clinicians.
Existing Core Courses Required for the Certificate:
The following courses are already required of all AuD students and will be required for practicing clinicians unless course knowledge and skills are demonstrated through assessment.
CSD 619 Physical Bases of Audiology (3)
CSD 8050 Advanced Hearing Science (4)
CSD 706 Diagnostic Audiology 1 (3)
CSD 8060C Diagnostic Audiology (3)
CSD 727 Diagnostic Audiology 2 (3)
CSD 8064 Medical Audiology (3)
CSD 840 Auditory Evoked Potentials 1 (3)
CSD 8062C Auditory Evoked Potentials I (3)
CSD 842 Auditory Evoked Potentials 2 (3)
CSD 8016 Noise and Hearing (3)
CSD 816 Noise and Hearing (2)
CSD 8071 Assessment & Selection of Amplification Systems (5)
CSD 719 Amplification Systems 1 (3)
CSD 719 Amplification Systems 2 (5)
Elective Courses Required for the Certificate
The following courses will be required of an AuD student or already practicing audiologist to obtain this certificate:
QUARTER COURSE NUMBER
Comparative hearing & vocal mechanisms
35 CSD 843
Seminar in animal audiology
35 CSD 729
Practicum (25 hours)
35 CSD 923
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CSD 843 (Quarter), CSD 8099 (Semester) Comparative Auditory Vocal Mechanisms (3) – This course is a graduate-level CSD course, which is currently available to all departmental graduate students as an elective.
Course Description: The primary objective of this course is to familiarize students with the bioacoustics of animal communication and hearing including comparative terrestrial / marine mammal vocal anatomy, physiology and neuroanatomy, sound production mechanisms and acoustic behavior.
CSD 729 (Quarter), CSD 8020 (Semester) Seminar in Animal Audiology (3) – This course is a graduate level CSD course, which requires all of the existing core courses listed above as prerequisites. This class is a team taught course with faculty addressing their particular area of expertise.
Course Description: Overview of animal bioacoustics with focus on canine, equine and marine mammal species. Examination and practice with adaptation of human clinical audiological practices to canines. Specific focus on electrophysiological hearing assessment and amplification strategies.
Registration in CSD 923 (Quarter), CSD 8070 (Semester) Individual Work in Audiology (6) to complete a minimum of 25 hours of practicum in hearing assessment and amplification on canines (or other relevant species such as equines).
Students taking the academic coursework online will be required to complete a campus internship to complete the practicum hours.
In order receive the certificate, all students will pass a comprehensive examination, which includes a written portion and an oral/practical portion.
Students enrolled in the AuD or PhD program in Communication Sciences and Disorders will be advised and mentored by CSD / FETCH~LAB faculty beginning in their first year. Practicing audiologists and veterinarians will be assigned a CSD / FETCH~LAB faculty member as a mentor upon acceptance in the program. Each student will have an audiology and veterinary advisor.
The students must complete all of the requirements (or equivalents) on the checklist. The FETCH~LAB director, their advisor, their audiology and veterinary advisors and the CSD Department Head must sign the checklist:
Certificate in Animal Audiology Checklist
1. Complete or show proof of prior completion of the following course topics: _____
CSD 8050 Advanced Hearing Science 4 cr. _____
CSD 8060C Diagnostic Audiology 3 cr. _____
CSD 8064 Medical Audiology 3 cr. _____
CSD 8062C Auditory Evoked Potentials I 3 cr. _____
CSD 8016 Noise and Hearing 3 cr. _____
CSD 8071 Assessment and Selection of Amplification Systems 5 cr. _____
2. Complete CSD 8099 Comparative Auditory and Vocal Mechanisms 3 cr. _____
(summer, 1st year)
3. Complete CSD 8020 Seminar in Animal Audiology 3 cr. ______
(summer, 2nd year)
4. Complete 25 hours of on-site practicum CSD 8070 Individual Work in 6 cr. ______
Audiology (any semester)
5. Complete comprehensive written examination ______
6. Complete comprehensive oral/practical examination (FETCH~LAB faculty) ______
FETCH~LAB Director FETCH~LAB Audiology Faculty Advisor
FETCH~LAB Veterinary Advisor CSD Department Head
PROPOSED PROGRAM SUPPORT BY CURRENT FACULTY & STAFF
The following current faculty and staff members will contribute to this proposed program:
Peter M. Scheifele MDr, PhD, LCDR USN (Ret.) – Assistant Professor will direct this program and teach CSD8050, CSD8099, CSD8016, practicum and team-teach CSD8020 (animal audiology). Dr. Scheifele already teaches all of these courses presently as part of his teaching load except animal audiology and UC FETCH~LAB is his laboratory. He will lecture at selected times in animal audiology.
John Greer Clark PhD – Assistant Professor will teach CSD8071, practicum and team-teach CSD8020 (animal audiology). Dr. Clark already teaches this course presently as part of his teaching load except animal audiology. He will lecture at selected times in animal audiology. In addition, he is a co-researcher in UC FETCH~LAB.
Laura Kretschmer EdD - Professor Emeritus in the Communication Sciences and disorders department at the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Kretschmer team teaches clinical skills in animal audiology and consults on audiological assessments for puppy screening and presbycusis dogs in UC FETCHLAB.
Lynette Cole DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVD - Associate Professor of Dermatology at the Ohio State University School of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Cole specializes in diseases of the ear and teaches ear diseases in canines for the UC Animal Audiology Certificate. Dr. Cole is also a collaborator with Dr. Peter Scheifele on Primary Secretory Otitis Media (PSOM) in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels.
Debra Kemper DVM – Senior Staff Veterinarian Laboratory Animal Medical Services will be the program senior veterinarian. Dr. Kemper will team teach topics regarding veterinary technology and lecture in CSD8020 and CSD8099. She will oversee all veterinary aspects of practicum. Dr. Kemper is a Co-principal investigator in UC FETCH~LAB.
Shirley Shelton DVM, PhD – Research Scientist in MED Neurosurgery will provide lectures regarding veterinary technology and selected lectures in CSD8020 and CSD8099. She will assist in teaching veterinary aspects of practicum. Dr. Shelton is a research collaborator in UC FETCH~LAB.
Jennifer Wells DVM – Director of RWC Veterinary Technician Program will oversee any practical or academic topics covered at the RWC veterinary technician program. Dr. Wells is a research collaborator in UC FETCH~LAB.
EXTERNAL CONULTANTS AND ADVISORS
Advice from the UC IACUC, Lesa Scheifele EATM (Animal trainer/behaviorist) and Jennifer Wells DVM (Director, RWC Veterinary Technician Program) as well as guidance from Nancy Creaghead PhD (CSD Department Head) and Elizabeth King (Dean, College of Allied Health Sciences).
PROGRAM SUPPORT BY CURRENT FACILITIES
The UC FETCH~LAB is a suite of examination rooms, computer space, and necropsy room located in the French East building on the first floor. Current research, clinical audiological and vocal diagnostic clients and teaching are ongoing, having been established in September of 2007 by Dr. Scheifele. The classes for this program are routinely taught in French East. No further spaces or facilities are required to support this program. These spaces are already compliant with animal care and use (IACUC) protocol #07-12-19-1.